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Diabetes occurs as a result of the inability of your body to properly process food as energy.
When you have diabetes, its either your body doesn't respond to insulin or doesn't produce any insulin at all. Insulin is a critical (essential) hormone that gets glucose (sugar that is used as energy) to the cells in your body. This causes the build up of sugars in your blood, which puts you at risk of dangerous complications.
Diabetes: What You Need to Know
More than 40 percent of American adults are victims of diabetes or are at increased risk of developing the disease. In the coming years, the number of Americans with diabetes will likely double, reaching an estimated value of 44.1 million people.
Diabetes is a leading cause of blindness, heart disease, amputation, end-stage kidney disease and liver problems.
The good news is that diabetes can be managed and many of its complications can be prevented with proper and adequate self-care and treatment.
If you are a smoker, stop it. If you're overweight, eat less and exercise. Work alongside with your doctor to control your blood pressure and cholesterol.
What is diabetes?
People who are victim of diabetes cannot maintain healthy levels of blood glucose (blood sugar) unless they carefully monitor what they eat and drink, in most cases, take medication. While other people experience occasional bouts of high blood glucose, people with diabetes severely and frequently experience this problem unless they are appropriately treated. Consequently, High blood glucose levels that is persistent over time can lead to series of serious complications.
Types of Diabetes
Small fraction as few as 5 percent of people living with diabetes are incapable of making any insulin at all. This condition is known as TYPE 1 DIABETES, an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the body's own pancreas. The damaged pancreas can't produce insulin for the body, so people with type 1 diabetes must live on insulin injections.
The vast majority as many as 95 percent of people with diabetes can produce normal levels of insulin, but their bodies cannot respond appropriately to the hormone. People who have TYPE 2 DIABETES, insulin is no longer active at lowering blood glucose. Most at times, people with diabetes ought to keep their blood glucose at healthy levels by controlling the level of carbohydrates in their diet. In most cases, medication is needed in the form of pills. Eventually, most people living with type 2 diabetes loses their ability to produce insulin and must use insulin injections.
Complications of Diabetes
People living with diabetes are at greater risk than others of developing complications. Generally, these problems fall into one of the two categories:
Acute problems: they arise quickly and get better with prompt treatment. For instance, eating too many carbohydrates or forgetting to take medication can lead to high blood glucose in people with diabetes. Until it is being treated, high blood glucose causes blurry vision, fatigue, thirstiness and urinating more often than usual.
Chronic problems: they develop over many years and are difficult to reverse. For instance, people with uncontrollable diabetes for many years often develop diseases that affect the blood vessels, both big and small, throughout the body.

People with diabetes are two to three times more likely to develop heart disease than other people. They are also at risk of developing diseases of the eyes, nerves and kidney.

Diabetes Treatment
Series of options are available for treating diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes must engage in the intake of insulin every day to control their blood glucose. Some people with type 2 diabetes can control their blood glucose by looking more into their diet, but most required pills or insulin.
Diabetes and Nutrition
Proper nutrition is essential for keeping blood glucose under control and improving general health. With type 1 and type 2 diabetes, its important to be aware of the number of carbohydrate in the foods you eat because they raise your blood glucose after meals.

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Content by: Henry Okere

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