Emergency Services, warns people to take precautions to avoid heat stroke and other serious heat-related health problems. Perhaps, staying in an air-conditioned area, either at home or in a public place such as a mall, library or recreation center is the most effective way to fight heat. If air conditioning is not available, pull the shades over the windows and use cross-ventilation and fans to cool rooms.
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A cool shower or bath also is an effective way to cool off heat pressure. Limit the use of stoves and ovens to keep home temperatures low. Children normally can quickly become dehydrated. They need to drink fluids(liquor) frequently, especially water, and wear light-colored, loose-fitting clothes. Avoid the intake of heavily sweetened drinks or drinks that contains caffeine. Frequently check on children, especially if they are playing outside in high temperatures.
Heat Illness Symptoms:
1. Heavy sweating
2. Muscle cramps
6. Weak but rapid pulse
People with these symptoms should:
a. Find shade
b. Slowly drink water
c. Make sure there is a conducive ventilation
If fluids are not replaced soon enough, heat stroke can follow.
Heat Stroke Symptoms:
Extremely high body temperature
Red and dry skin
Heat stroke symptoms could likely lead to brain damage, loss of consciousness and death.
To help a person showing severe heat stroke symptoms:
Get the victim into shade
Call for emergency medical services
Immediately start cooling the person with cool water or by fanning.
Other heat precautions include:
a. Do not leave anyone in a closed, parked vehicle during hot weather, even for a short time.
b. Drink plenty of fluids but avoid drinks with alcohol, caffeine or a lot of sugar. Drink fluids before going out into the heat.
c. Plan strenuous outdoor activity for early morning or evening when the temperature is lower.
d. Frequently take breaks when working outside.
e. Wear sun block, hats and light-colored, loose-fitting clothes.
f. Stay indoors in air conditioning as much as possible.
g. Eat frequently, but make sure your meals are well balanced and light.
h. Infants shouldn't be dressed in heavy clothing or wrapped in blankets.
i. Check frequently on the elderly and those who are ill or may need help.
j. Confirm from a doctor about the effects of sun and heat when taking prescribed drugs, especially diuretics or antihistamines.
k. At first, signs of heat illness- dizziness, nausea, headaches, muscle cramps- move to a cooler place, rest for few minutes, then slowly drink a cool beverage. Seek medical attention immediately if condition persist.
l. The best defense against heat-related illness is prevention. Stay cool, drink plenty of fluids, wear cool clothing and monitor outdoor activities and stay healthy in hot weather.
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